preventive maintenance scheduling (PM) is straightforward: identify a task, designate a time and location, and assign someone to execute it. When the scheduled time arrives, the assigned individual performs the task, marking it as completed (if one-time) or recurring at specific intervals.
Maintenance scheduling ensures the execution of planned tasks by orchestrating the necessary resources to ensure accurate and timely task completion.
Note: Maintenance scheduling is frequently mistaken for maintenance planning, yet these processes differ. Planning focuses on determining the tasks and methods, whereas scheduling concerns assigning the tasks to individuals and establishing when these tasks will be performed.
However, there are a lot of different ways to schedule PM work other than based on time, and the scheduling process differs based on your choice of CMMS software.
Preventive maintenance refers to planned maintenance activities aimed at proactively preventing equipment failure or breakdowns. It involves regularly scheduled inspections, repairs, and upkeep tasks conducted on machinery, equipment, or systems to maintain their operational efficiency and prevent unexpected failures. The goal is to identify and address potential issues early before they escalate into more significant problems, ensuring optimal performance, extending equipment lifespan, and reducing downtime.
Planning preventive maintenance involves strategic scheduling and preparation to ensure timely and effective maintenance activities. It includes:
Assessment and Scheduling: Assessing equipment or systems to determine maintenance needs, scheduling regular inspections, lubrication, parts replacements, or other preventive tasks based on manufacturer guidelines or operational history.
Task Prioritization: Identifying critical maintenance tasks and prioritizing them based on equipment importance, safety concerns, or potential impact on operations.
Resource Allocation: Allocating necessary resources such as personnel, tools, spare parts, and supplies required for scheduled maintenance activities.
Work Order Creation: Generating work orders detailing specific tasks, procedures, timelines, and assigned personnel responsible for executing the preventive maintenance.
Execution and Documentation: Conducting planned maintenance tasks as scheduled, following established procedures, and documenting completed work, observations, and any issues encountered.
Review and Adjustment: Regularly reviewing the effectiveness of the preventive maintenance plan, adjusting schedules, procedures, or intervals based on equipment performance data or changes in operational conditions.
By meticulously planning preventive maintenance, organizations can proactively manage equipment health, reduce unexpected breakdowns, extend asset lifespan, and optimize operational efficiency.
Preventive Maintenance Scheduling involves planning and arranging maintenance tasks, inspections, and upkeep activities in advance at set intervals to prevent equipment failure or breakdowns. It’s a proactive approach aimed at maintaining equipment reliability, ensuring optimal performance, and reducing unexpected downtime by conducting regular, planned maintenance tasks according to predefined schedules. This scheduling includes tasks such as routine inspections, lubrication, parts replacements, and other preventive measures to keep machinery, equipment, or systems in good working condition.
Maintenance scheduling is typically handled by maintenance managers, planners, or supervisors within an organization. These individuals are responsible for overseeing the maintenance department, organizing workloads, prioritizing tasks, and ensuring that maintenance activities are scheduled effectively and efficiently. They collaborate with maintenance technicians, engineers, and other relevant personnel to plan and schedule maintenance tasks based on equipment needs, operational requirements, resource availability, and predefined schedules. Utilizing specialized software or Computerized Maintenance Management Systems (CMMS) can also assist in streamlining and automating the scheduling process.
Note: In extensive operations with intricate maintenance demands, having specialized schedulers becomes essential. Conversely, in smaller setups, supervisors or even the planner might assume this responsibility.
Maintenance teams must consider several factors when planning maintenance tasks. Adhering to the steps below ensures comprehensive coverage:
Review the work order and discuss specifics with the maintenance planner.
Confirm the asset’s availability and readiness for maintenance.
Allocate the task to a technician for execution.
Monitor progress and implement enhancements when necessary.
Certain tasks may recur periodically, demanding that the scheduler ensures timely completion of each work order on a consistent basis.
The maintenance scheduling process generally follows these steps:
Developing a preventive maintenance (PM) schedule Initiating a PM schedule involves various approaches. For example, managers may schedule PM for individual equipment pieces, where technicians and engineers outline repeatable tasks and determine the timeline and skilled personnel for the job.
Alternatively, a manager might design an area or facility-wide PM plan encompassing all assets in that area or facility. For instance, if monthly inspections are required for every item in a factory, a monthly PM entry covers all relevant assets.
After establishing tasks in the PM plan, the team sets a schedule for task completion, tailored to the asset. While time-based schedules are common, cycles, finished product counts, mileage, or other trackable metrics may also determine intervals.
Scheduling work orders Once a PM is established in a CMMS software, a work order is generated for each instance. Most CMMS platforms allow users to create recurring work orders tailored to specific equipment. Facilities can develop work orders with checklists automatically containing pertinent procedural documentation for maintenance staff.
3. Assign, complete, and log the work
Upon receiving the work order, it is assigned to a maintenance technician who assumes responsibility for the maintenance task. The technician utilizes the work order as a record, noting encountered issues or pertinent data. Additionally, the work order monitors whether the PM was completed within the designated timeframe.
Once the task is satisfactorily completed, the technician closes the work order, indicating that the PM should recur either at its pre-defined interval (fixed) or from the task’s completion time (floating). Subsequently, the work order automatically generates at the next interval, contributing to the establishment of a preventive maintenance schedule tailored to the specific asset, area, or facility